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Since there are frequent references to the works of scientists who would have been alive in 1975, but who do not actually appear in the book, there is reason to research if these are references to actual published theories and discoveries:

pre-Incan civilizations which built the great structures at
  • Machu Picchu,
  • Cuzco,
  • Ollantaytambo, and
  • Sasahuaman.
A spectacular discovery made in 1952 at an altitude of over 13,000 feet in the Andes. The incredible find at Marcahuasi, only 80 kilometers northeast of that city. The discovery, made in 1952 by Dr. Daniel Ruzo, is a great amphitheater of rock in which are magnificent sculptures--but sculptures which, according to all we know, are wholly anachronistic. Here, for example, among carvings of familiar South American animals and people, can also be seen unmistakable carvings in white dioritic porphyry stone of camels and cows, lions and elephants, and other animals which have never lived here, along with finely carved heads, in the same material, of Semites, Caucasians, and Negroes, all of whom came to this continent less than 500 years ago. There is even a perfect rendering of the turtle's long-extinct ancestor the amphichelydia; yet in all recorded history, the amphichelydia is known only from its fossilized remains. It lived during the Upper Triassic Period and became extinct about 180 million years ago.
      Where, then, could the sculptor have gotten his model?
      There is also a rendering of a horse, but horses became extinct here 9,000 years ago and did not reappear until brought by Spanish conquistadors in the sixteenth century.
     
      In the present geologic epoch, called the Pleistocene (of the Quaternary Period and Cenozoic Era), which, in essence, takes in the last one mullion years, many hundreds of earth capsizings have occurred, along with their cataclysmic results. Beyond the Pleistocene there have been many more. A partial listing of some of the more important and obvious ice cap sites during the Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic eras can include:
  • the Gobi Desert;
  • Lake Victoria:
  • Mar Chiquita in Argentina;
  • the Black Sea;
  • Death Valley, California;
  • the Amazon Valley;
  • Baikal Lake in the USSR;
  • Lake Winnipeg;
  • the Null Arbor Plain in Australia's southwest;
  • Baffin Bay;
  • the Baltic Sea;
  • the Congo Basin;
  • the Mediterranean Sea,
  • Great Bear Lake, Canada;
  • Great Salt Lake, Utah;
  • the Thar Desert in northwest in India;
  • Aral Sea, Uzbek, USSR;
  • the Painted Desert- Lakes Michigan-Huron-Superior;
  • the Angola Basin off the coast of western Africa;
  • the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming;
  • in northeastern Siberia in the vicinity of Tabor
  • the Takla Makan Desert north of the Himalayas;
  • the Canary Basin off the northwestern African coast;
  • Great Slave Lake, Canada;
  • the Argentine Basin 930 miles southeast of Buenos Aires;
  • the Wharton Basin, 900 miles south of Djakarta.
In every location where records written by nature or man can be studied, each of these sites shows radial striations which pinpoint the seat of a former ice cap. In the matter of duration, geologic evidence indicates that an individual ice cap may grow to maturity in as short a span of time as 2,900 years, although the average appears to be more in the vicinity of 5,750 years. Only rarely does an individual epoch react 6,500 years, and no other epoch within at least the last dozen has lasted as long as the present one....
     
      carbon-14 dating of the mammoth remains found in Siberia and North America clearly indicated a time frame of death at about 7,500 years ago.
     
     
      Another foundation of support for the HAB Theory postulations lies in the discovery in the relatively recent past of magnetic rocks which vary from the direction of magnetic electrical forces present being imbued into rocks of the earth. The ancients knew of the existence of magnetic rocks, of course, and used them as compasses in their navigation. These were simply rocks magnetized to point north and south by the electrical currents of the earth. But now, much older rocks have been discovered which, though magnetic, do not point north and south but to differing directions. This is powerful indication that they received their magnetization at a time when the location of the poles differed from what it is at present. Some of the rocks of this nature that have been discovered point toward the Sudan Basin and others point toward Hudson Bay. Still others point at other areas where physical evidence indicates ice caps have formed in past epochs. Non- conventionally directional magnetic rocks have been discovered in 15 locations on the European and North American continents. They are corollary to, and proof of, the recurrent capsizings of the earth . . .
     
     
      It is an acknowledged fact among ancient historians that authentic and accurate history of man did not begin until between approximately 7,000 and 7,500 years ago. Actual historical records go back only as far as the earliest known civilizations, such as those of
     
  • Egypt,
  • Peru,
  • Babylonia,
  • India,
  • Central America,
  • Sumeria, and
  • Assyria.
          Yet, that 7,500-year period of time represents considerably less than one percent of the time that man has been known, through fossil remains, to have existed on earth.
         
         
          A curious and yet exciting event of man's history exists in the fact that virtually at cultures in earth, from the most primitive to the most civilized, have in the dim reaches of their history the record or legend of a great flood.
         
         
  • In the Bible it is the story of Noah.
  • In the Oriental book The Ten Stems of China, are texts about it.
  • In Eros the 12 clay tablets inscribed in Sumerian cuneiform comes the Epic of Gilgamesh, which recounts the journeying of Enkidu, a sort of counterpart of Noah.
  • In Greek mythology, Deucation and his wife, Pyrrha, are the only survivors of a great flood visited on the earth by the great god Zeus.
  • The ancient Brahmans, Chat Deans, Hindus and Babylonians have their own records or legends about similar great floods from which onto a smart handful of individuals escaped with their lives.
  • Similar legends are found among the Indians of the Americas and among the aboriginal tribes of Ausralia, Borneo, Sumatra, Africa, and Southeast Asia.
          Generally, we moderns have looked upon these stories as being apocryphal, but perhaps we have been wrong. Perhaps much more truth underlies them than we had previously suspected. And while the support they provide cannot at this time be considered proof, they do provide interesting and sometimes rather awesome corroboration to the theory of a recurrently capsizing earth.
         
          In Iraq, for example, near the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, is the site of the ancient Chaldean city of Ur. Evidence exposed by archaeologists digging through layer after layer to a depth of 50 feet proved that over 130 dynasties existed there.
          Then, at just over 50 feet, they encountered an 00000000 foot-thick layer of clay. Beneath that layer were discovered the remains of another 10 dynasties, but of such difference that the artifacts recovered from these lower layers bore little resemblance to those discovered in the layers above. Pottery below the clay was beautifully and skillfully painted, but that above the clay was not. Copper artifacts were common in the dynasty layers above the clay, but absent in those below.
          The archaeologists were unanimous about only one aspect--that the layer of clay had to be the residue of a great flood which buried the city under a dense blanket of silt. For the silt to accumulate and turn into clay took a great while and, though scientists are still not agreed to the exact amount of time involved, the general consensus is that the upper layers were all deposited within the last 6,000 years and perhaps as much as 1,500 years prior to that.
         
          The ancient Greek Solon, according to Plato, was told by Egyptian priests in 600 B.C. that 9,000 years previously, Egypt had been invaded by great armies from the powerful island empire of Atlantis, and that afterward Atlantis was devoured by the ocean in a great deluge. The existence of such a place as Atlantis has long been held as a myth, but in view of the accumulation of evidence, perhaps there is more veracity to the story than heretofore believed.
         
    • [A note on scientific discoveries that may not have been known to Allan W. Eckert: There are places in Antarctica that are totally arid, with no evidence of any precipitation at all in hundreds of years. There are also great dry valleys in Antarctica, wide enough for a small airplane to do a leisurely turn within it's width, which show clear evidence of the passing of a glacier; the smooth contours of the bowl, the scraping lines on the floor of the valley, and boulders scattered in a neat but random pattern all throughout the floor of the valley.]
    Historical origin of fruits and vegetables:
          What the origin is of some of our more important fruits and vegetables?
          It will probably be of some interest that the seats of origin of most of the world's important staple vegetables and fruits are the Sumatra-Malaysia area, and the Ecuador-Peru area.
          Most of our fruits have originated, as best as can be determined, from a large radius of southern Asia, of which the Malay Archipelago appears to be the hub, fruits such as cherries, pears, apples, plums, olives, figs, grapes. Others, too, perhaps--apricots and peaches, citrus fruits, bananas and coconuts and mango.
          On the other hand, the basic vegetables seem to have originated primarily in the upper Andes--Ecuador and Peru, as mentioned, but also Bolivia and upper Chile. They would include both white potatoes and sweet potatoes, yams, maize, numerous beans including Lima and navy beans, pumpkins, squash, peppers, and many others.
         
         
          It has never been clearly explained before, but there were cobs and kernels of popcorn found in ancient Peruvian burial grounds which were thought to be unique to the world until, some years later, identical species of popcorn were found in ancient urns buried in the Naga Hills in the border country of Burma and Siam. This has been a very uncomfortable coincidence.
         
         
          Is there any botanical evidence existing which links such fruits and vegetables to Egypt?
          The fruits and vegetables found there now came to that land as they came to Europe and North America--through gradually being transported there by migrating peoples.
         
         
          Is it not possible, then, that an Egypt originally having a cold climate might account for the very notable lack of early Egypt, as we know it, having virtually no such fruits and vegetables?
         
         
          Is it not strange that in one of the pivotal areas, South America, we find another ancient civilization, the Inca's, which, precisely like the Egyptian civilization, seems to have drawn its early cultural and technological level from a source it could never quite emulate, and which it was unable to maintain? Both the cultures of Egypt and Peru seem to parallel one another in being the slowly dying remnants of much greater civilizations of which we have no knowledge whatever.
         
         
         
          The mammoth remains found in Siberia and Alaska. They've been found on Melville Island in the Canadian Arctic, in Alaska and Siberia on both sides of the Bering Strait, on the New Siberian Islands and on Wrangel Island.
          Heretofore has there been any way of stating how these mammals of identical species could have been found on land areas separated by frigid seas?
         
         
          The culture of the Egyptians appeared full-blown, without any history antedating the First Dynasty. About, the year 450 B.C. when the Greek historian Herodotus journeyed to both Memphis and Thebes on the Nile and talked at length with the priests there about their country and its history. At this time, Herodotus was told by the priests of Memphis that their records went back eleven thousand years, and the priests of Thebes said their records covered the past seventeen thousand years. That seems very much to be in opposition to the idea of a capsizing of the globe on the average of every six thousand years. Even if they had survived such a cataclysm, wouldn't accounts of it have played important roles in what records we find of them, and in what the priests themselves told to Herodotus?
         
         
          There is a great library at the University of Athens dealing with the lives and activities of ancient Greeks. ...discovered some rather startling facts:
         
         
          The priests of Thebes and Memphis relating to Herodotus that their historical records extended back, respectively, seventeen thousand years. Unfortunately, those records were on papyrus and skin scrolls, housed in one of the greatest libraries of antiquity, the Alexandria Library. Much of that library, along with a large portion of its collection of seven hundred thousand scrolls--the equivalent of ten thousand textbooks of today--was lost to fire during the reign of Caesar. Nevertheless, the Alexandria Library was rebuilt and continued to be a great font of knowledge and repository of ancient records until A.D. 390. In that year the Bishop of Alexandria, evidently insane and a religious fanatic, led a mob through the streets of the city and pillaged the library of half a million of its scrolls, all of which were burned in a street bonfire at the order of the bishop. Not too long after that, the remainder of the collection was destroyed by the invading army of Caliph Omer.
          Fortunately, though, during his visits to Memphis and Thebes, Herodotus noted some other very peculiar information passed on to him by the priests. Information which heretofore was greatly puzzling and largely discounted as imaginings.
          Assuming that an observer in one of the so-called safe areas of earth at the time of a capsizing were looking at the heavens, he would note a drastic change in the course of the moon, stars and sun. They would suddenly no longer be rising and setting in the directions they had followed before. The sun might strangely rise in the south instead of the east, and set in the north instead of the west, because of the shift of the planet's surface in regard to its rotation. Or it might even shift a full one hundred and eighty degrees, so that the sun would appear to rise in the west instead of the east.
          For the sake of Example here imagine that at the moment of the last capsizing of the earth it was nine in the morning in Memphis. The earth began suddenly moving sideways even while continuing the normal rotation from west to east. To an Egyptian looking upward at such a time, it would appear that the sun had stopped in its path, then moved about erratically for a while and finally set very close to where it had risen.
          An impossible supposition? So it has always seemed. Consider, though, what else it was the priests of Memphis related to Herodotus. They told him with great assurance that in the history of their country, spanning eleven thousand years--or, as they put it, three hundred and forty one generations--Egypt had had three hundred forty-one kings and a similar number of high priests, and that twice during this span of time the sun had risen where it set, without any great change in the productivity of their country.
          In a framework of reference based on the HAB Theory, this heretofore inexplicable statement begins having considerable relevance. Mr. Boardman suggests in his postulations that the tendency is for the earth to capsize back and forth in somewhat the same pattern time after time, unless there is a change from a water hemisphere to a land hemisphere. The possibility becomes clear, then, that Egypt was fortunately situated where it could survive with little damage two distinct land hemisphere capsizings of the earth.
          In other words, in B.P. 2 the earth was located approximately in the position it is now, but with the North Pole at Hudson Bay instead of at its present site. When the capsizing occurred, the planet rolled over, and the area now known to us as the Sudan Basin became the site for the North Pole. The Egyptians then lived in a climate not unlike that of Fairbanks or Reykjavik.
          Another rollover occurred and once again the sun seemed to stand still and then set where it had risen, and what had been the North Pole became the Sudan Basis of today. The reference by Herodotus to the sun rising and setting twice in the same direction in ancient Egypt fits into the precepts of Mr. Boardman's theory very nicely.
         
         
          The HAB Theory contends that when a capsizing of the earth occurs, the ice caps are suddenly located on the equator and areas which were previously equatorial become sites for the new poles. This goes wholly against long-established geological estimates which, for example, place the age of the south polar ice cap at approximately thirteen million years. All right, if we say for the sake of argument that our geological time estimate is wrong then this brings up some very disconcerting contradictions.
         
         
         
          Back in 1965 an Argentine citizen, Juan Moricz, who is an amateur archeologist, was poking about in the Ecuadorian Andes about a hundred fifty miles south of Quito, in the Province of Santiago. He stumbled across another of the most significant archeological finds of the past century--of any century, for that matter. He found a cave held in superstitious awe by the Indian tribes of the area. After finally gaining their confidence, he was allowed to enter the cave to Explore. What he found is just about as amazing as the Chinese discovery and closely allied to it.
          The naturally formed cave gave way to a smooth shaft, obviously artificially made, which went straight down in three distinct drops, each of two hundred and fifty feet. At the level of two hundred fifty feet below the surface was a platform leading into a vault of considerable dimension; radiating outward from this vault was a whole series of artificial tunnels. The same situation was found at the five-hundred foot level and at the bottom, seven hundred fifty feet below ground level. The important aspects is that these tunnels evidently were made in exactly the same manner as the tunnels in the Bayan Kara Ula Mountains in China. Perfectly squared and highly glazed, as if formed by means of intense heat. There are, Mr. President, thousands--perhaps even tens of thousands--of miles of these tunnels beneath Ecuador and Peru. Mostly they're still unexplored because the radiation in them very high and compasses refuse to operate down there. Only a few hundred miles of them have been Explored and those mostly in a cursory manner. There are a great many chambers filled with artifacts and statuary but, most important, there is one chamber in particular of immense consequence.
          That chamber, with the unusual, highly glazed walls, ceiling and floors, measures four hundred fifty-nine feet by four hundred ninety-two feet. In the center of this room is a huge table around which are seven chairs. They are fashioned of an unknown material, as heavy as stone but not of stone. Nor are they metallic or wooden. The closest approximation seems to be some sort of Extremely dense plastic material, but far heavier than any plastic known. Forming a perimeter around the table and chairs is a ring of sculptured animals. They're made of the same material and appear to have been molded.
          Some which represent animals indigenous to the area, others which definitely are not and never have been. There are jaguars and cougars, but also there are lions, elephants, wolves and bison. There are also monkeys, gorillas, and bears, as well as small invertebrates such as crustaceans and gastropods. All this--the furnishings and statuary--are intriguing, but they fade in significance to what else is in this room, some fifty feet from the table. You are undoubtedly aware, sir, that archaeologists were for many years agreed in the belief that the Incan and pre-Incan civilizations Existed without any form of writing Except a peculiar sort of record keeping through the tying of knots in lengths of cord. Yet, fifty feet from that center grouping is an incredible library permanently preserved in metal leaves. Each sheet of metal is one point six millimeters thick--about a sixteenth of an inch-- but thirty-eight inches by nineteen inches wide. Yet, they're so sturdy that standing on the narrow edge and extending upward over three feet, they remain perfectly rigid, with no sign of bending. The metal most closely resembles zinc, but it definitely is not zinc. Neither is it tin nor any other known metal or alloy.
          These metal pages stand side by side, held in place by great block like pieces of material of the same substance the furniture is fashioned from. And, Mr. President, each of these thousands of leaves has stamped on it in regular order, just as if stamped by a powerful press, line after line of a peculiar boxed form of writing. The characters are wholly unfamiliar and seemingly of a sophisticated hieroglyphic nature, but whatever culture produced this amazing library also left with it the key to its deciphering. In a special niche, obviously made precisely for the purpose it is serving in one of the huge block bookends, is what appears to be an alphabet of fifty-six characters stamped in a gridwork of squares on metal of the same type as the leaves, but much thicker. A sort of steel.
          The metal steel is an inch and a half thick, five and a half inches wide and twenty and a half inches long. From top to bottom there are fourteen rows of hieroglyphic characters, with four char- acters per row, confined within boxes which are exactly three and a half centimeters square--that's roughly an inch and three-eighths. None of the characters are the same, but these very characters are used in different combinations in the rows of characters on the metal leaves. Comparable, to someone today placing at the front of a large book a listing of the alphabet.
         
         
          Other than Juan Moricz's early--and successful--efforts in this respect, no attempt has ever been made to decipher them, although for a trained cryptologist it would probably be a relatively simple matter. The metal steel of boxed characters is far more important to the deciphering of those hieroglyphics than was the Rosetta Stone in the deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphics.
          Then why, has no attempt been made other than the early ones you mentioned?
          Only the Ecuadorian government, in its infinite wisdom, knows the answer to that. For the first four years after his discovery, Juan Moricz maintained secrecy about it, but he gradually realized the fantastic significance of his find and knew it should be placed in the care of reputable scientific teams for dose study. One of the big stumbling blocks was that he was not an Ecuadorian. Never- theless, in June of 1969 he petitioned the government of Ecuador to give him legal title to the entire system of tunnels and their contents, with the stipulation , in accordance with article six hundred sixty-six of the ecuadorian civil code,, that though the treasures discovered became his personal property, they also remained subject to state control. After the governmental red-tape was cleared, and at last Moricz was granted the legal deed for his find, everything seemed fine. Then, somehow word got out that a great many of the archeological treasures in the upper level passages were of solid gold or platinum. A governmental seal was placed on the entrance and has remained there ever since. It is now perpetually guarded with supposedly entry permitted to no one. What purpose this accomplishes is anyone's guess. Moricz has speculated publicly that at intervals certain high government figures are entering the tunnels and gradually disposing of great quantities of the gold and platinum.
          Moricz spend a great deal of time first learning how to decipher the hieroglyphics and then gradually translating the printed metal leaves. He admits that he did not decipher them in sequence, but rather a leaf here and there taken at random for the entire collection. ...nothing has been published of the findings although a few excerpts from his petitions to the government of Ecuador may be enlightening:
          "...the objects I found are of the following kinds:
          1. Stone and metal objects of different sizes and colors
          2. Metal plaques engraved with signs and writing. They form a veritable metal library which might contain an synopsis of the history of humanity, as well as an account of the origin of mankind on earth and information about a vanished civilization"
         
         
          Definite records were indeed in existence and had been found many years before. In China. A large number of peculiar stone disks that had been found in some underground repositories in the Himalayas near the border of Tibet.
          The discovery of the stone disks was made in 1938 by Professor Chi Pu Tei an archeologist who was leading a body of his students on an Expedition into the Bayan Kara Ula Mountains in the then-disputed frontier territory of Tibet and China. The precise location was not given he said it was in the general area of where Chang Thang Province of Tibet and Tsinghai Province of China abutted.
          That area, has been what is termed 'Positively Forbidden Territory' for the Western world since the year 1938, which now, in light of what Dr. Chow had to say, was probably not at all coincidental. At any rate, Professor Chi Pu Tei and his students discovered what was first described as a series of caves or caverns, but later admitted to be a complex system of artificial tunnels and underground storerooms. These tunnels are perfectly squared and the walls, ceilings, and floors are highly glazed, as if somehow the passages and rooms were carved by a device emitting heat of such intensity that it simply melted its way into the moun- tains.
          As might occur if you pushed a red-hot nail into a block of wax.
          The archeological group followed some of these passages and encountered larger chambers in which numerous un-described implements were discovered. The implements evidently differed from one chamber to another, but one item was found in common in each of the chambers--the stone disks I mentioned earlier. Apparently in each of the chambers they were found in the same position--on a smooth cube of rock, glazed just as the tunnels were, with anywhere from Seven to twenty of the disks neatly stacked on top.
          Each of them was twenty-two point seven centimeters in diameter by two centimeters in thickness, which is about three-quarters of an inch thick by nine inches in diameter. Each disk also had a perfectly circular two-centimeter hole in the Exact center. The edges of the disks were regularly indented all the way around, almost like a cogwheel, though neither sharply defined nor amorphous. Somewhere in between the two, almost like the fluting on a pie crust. however, we've yet to come to the most peculiar characteristic of the disks. Each had a twin groove which began at the center hole and gradually moved in an Expanding spiral counterclockwise manner to the outer rim. The individual disks bore a certain similarity to the phonograph records of today. There were evidently slight differences from disk to disk in the actual grooving, but the basic similarity was standard.
          All of the stone disks were removed and taken for study to the Peking Academy of Prehistory. A total of seven hundred sixteen of them.
          Nothing was heard about this discovery, by Western world scientists for the next twenty-seven years. During that period, the disks were being studied intensively in a project headed by Professor Tsum Um Nui at the Peking Academy.
         
          Another curious element which has a distinct tie-in. The Bayan Kara Ula Mountains area is one of the most isolated and least known areas on earth today. The nearest city of any consequence is Lhasa, Tibet about four hundred miles to the south through virtually impassable terrain.
          It is an area presently inhabited by two tribes of very unusual people. The tribes call themselves Dropa and Han. They simply do not fit into any racial category established by anthropologists for the races of the world. For one thing, they are both of pygmy stature. The tallest and shortest adults have measured at four feet seven inches and three feet six inches respectively, but the average height is four feet two inches. They are yellow-skinned. Their heads are dis-proportionately large and sparsely haired, and their eyes are large but not Oriental in aspect, with pale bluish irises. Their features are very nicely formed, most nearly approximating Caucasian, and their bodies are extremely thin and delicate. Adult weight is estimated by Dr. Chow to average, in our system of weights, about thirty-eight to fifty-two pounds.
         
          The disks underwent extensive study by Professor Tsum Um Nui, interrupted at times by war. It took him and his coworkers only a short time to discover that the spiral grooves were not sound tracks but, rather, an incredibly ancient writing inscribed in some unknown way and very nearly microscopic in size. The disks were determined to be no less than three or four thousand years old at the youngest, and more likely anywhere from eight to twelve thousand years old.
          This would make them the oldest known form of writing in the world. Deciphering was incredibly difficult. It was twenty-four years--in 1962--before Professor Nui and a young colleague found the key and began laboriously deciphering. That young colleague happened to be our present group chairman, Dr. Ho-Chung Chow. The deciphered spiral text of the stones, even though only a small amount was completed, was so startling in its content that the Chinese government prohibited any publication of the papers of Nui and Chow. Then, in 1965, in a manner which Chow describes with a peculiar smile was 'very mysterious,' an article written by the Russian philologist Vyacheslav Saizev appeared in Das Vegetarische Universum, a German magazine, and in the Russian-English magazine Sputnik, telling about the disks, their qualities and composition, and a little about what had been deciphered from them. It's rather startling.
          Dr. Chow accidentally bumped one of the disks against a metal table, and though it didn't damage the disk, through his hand he could feel a strange vibration. He then suspended one of the disks with a strong line and tapped it with a metal rod. For nearly half a minute the disk rang with a clear, perfect tone, much in the manner of a tuning fork. Subjected to close analysis, the disk was found to have a very high cobalt content, which in itself is incredible in stones of such age. Further, there was a high metallic content to them. All indications are that these disks were at some time part of some sort of advanced and sophisticated electrical system.
         
         
          The articles in both Sputnik and Das Vegetarische Universum presented very little of the deciphered text, but what was there was significant in light of the HAB Theory:
          "This is our story as the Dropa have given us this means of preserving our words forever on one of their many 'ecal.' (I don't know that word 'ecal' at all, but it evidently refers to these peculiar disks.)
          The Dropa stopped their great sky ship in the air above us and terrified all our people. At first our men and women and children hid themselves in caves, but then wonder overcame fear and they emerged. Ten times during the night smaller ships came out of the larger ship and floated to the ground among us, and ten times we fled into the caves before sunlight. But then the Dropa entered our heads with calming sounds and they made signs of friendship, and they told us inside our heads that we should not fear them, for their intentions were of a peaceful nature. As they worked with their great machines nd cut into the mountains they told us of the great disruption and flood that was to come again as it had come so many times before and that there was little time remaining to preserve mankind, but we did not understand. In all our history there had been only one flood and that was the great flood which was ending as our lives here were beginning. The Dropa told us not to fear because this was a safe place. Then, all but fifty of the Dropa returned to the big ship and disappeared into it and then the big ship moved quickly from our sight to return to the other safe place"
         
         
          That, is all, up until that time that had been deciphered from one disk. It represents only about one-twentieth of one percent of the grooving on that particular disk. Since then, the efforts at deciphering have gone on. The entire first disk has been translate into a volume of nearly two thousand pages... but he would not tell what else was said there. The other seven hundred fifteen disks have similar but more extensive double grooving however its more difficult to decipher. No real progress was made over the years since then until a significant key was discovered just ten years ago. Five complete disks and a portion of another four have been deciphered. He declined to comment at all in respect to what they revealed except that one of the disks began by the Dropa people commenting on their regret that the larger sky ship had been badly damaged in the turning of the earth - his exact phraseology.
          The most modern mineral dating techniques have now shown the oldest of the disks to be approximately eleven thousand five hundred years old, and the others spaced in between that to the latest which is approximately seventy five hundred years old. The oldest disk is the one which comments on the damage to the ship by the turning of the earth. The newest is the one, evidently recorded by the progenitors of the Han tribe, telling of the visit by the Dropas and their warning of destruction.
          The corollaries to be drawn here, are momentous. If, the ancient writings are to be believed. And if, the entire discovery and deciphering is to be believed. Taken in reference to Mr. Boardman's postulations, they fit much too well to be mere coincidence. According to Boardman, our present epoch is somewhere around seventy-five hundred years old, which ties in perfectly with the capsizing of the earth which he claims to have occurred about that time, and which the Dropa were obviously aware was approaching. Again, according to Boardman, the epoch before our present epoch--that is, B.P. 1 lasted only about four thousand years, which again ties neatly to the eleven-thousand-five-hundred-year dating of the oldest disk and the capsizing of the earth to end epoch B.P. 2 and begin epoch B.P. 1-- further linked by the Dropas' referring to the damage their large ship had suffered in the turning of the earth.
         
         
          An enormous number of references to the ancients having had the power of flight. This is especially true, with the Chinese. There are numerous accounts of the Chinese having built flying machines only to have each in turn--and sometimes the man who built it as well--destroyed by the emperor then in power because of the dangerous potential it had for war.
          Nothing concrete insofar as where the ship came from, but it certainly leads to speculation.... the translation says 'to the other safe place' signifying that for the coming flood and destruction the Dropa were predicting, there were only two safe places. That, again ties in with boardman's theory regarding the pivotal points as being safe at the time the earth was capsizing.
          Dr. Vyacheslav Saizev, the Russian philologist who wrote the pieces which appeared in the two magazines, mad a discovery on his own. Tracing rumors of unusual rock paintings and cave paintings in the far SE USSR fairly close tot he border of Kirgz, SSR, near a little village called Fergana. It's just over a thousand miles from where the stone disks were found... he finally found a small area of caves in which there were some of the most incredible prehistoric rock paintings ever discovered.
          ...the painting of particular interest depicts an individual, somewhat stylized but more in the manner of a picasso stylization than the usual stick figure types commonly observed in ancient cave paintings. Saizev estimates an age of about nine thousand years to the painting. The individual pictured is dressed in what can only be some form of spacesuit. A large, clear globe encircles his head and appears held to the collar by a row of rivet heads or locknuts of some kind. Positioned in front of his mouth, which is open in speech, is an Excellent representation of a microphone, from which wires come out the bottom and attach to some sort of power pack. There are numerous dials and gauges on the suit, without exception connected to thick wires draped in layers over his right shoulder and coming from his back. The seams of his suit are clearly visible and he is wearing heavy gloves. His head, incidentally, is large for his body. There are flames erupting from the right side of the clear globe over his head and the right side of his face appears to be burning. His expression is somewhat agonized and he seems to be calling for help into his microphone.
          In his gloved hand, the right hand, he holds at chest level an exact duplicate of the Chinese stone disks, complete to hole in the center, grooving and the peculiar cog-fluting on the outer rim. So accurate is the painting that the grooving can be seen emanating in counterclockwise manner from the center hole to the outer rim, identically to those found in the tunnels in the Bayan Kara Ula Mountains.
         
         
          Mr. Boardman postulates a shifting of the earth on its axis of approximately eighty degrees at the time of the capsizing action. Under the assumption that the deciphered message was accurate and the so-called big sky ship left the Chinese safe area for the 'other safe place,' then where was that other place? The alleged 'safe area' in China where the stone disks were found lies at approximately ninety degrees east longitude. Thus, the other safe place should be located a hundred seventy degrees from there, which allows for the earth shift of eighty degrees instead of a full ninety. That would take it to eighty degrees west, on the opposite side of the earth. That line of longitude, passes through Peru and Ecuador.
         
         
          A number of vases were found in the Nazca District not far from Pisco, Peru, in the 1920s by Dr. Julio Tello. The enigma lies in the fact that paintings on the vases depict llamas with five toes.
          "The llama of our present age," she told a group in the Regency Hotel, "has only two toes, but in an earlier evolutionary period the animal went through tens of thousands of years ago, they had five toes."
         
         
          Tibetan folklore of "sky people no larger than an eight-year-old child, but with large heads, who landed from the heavens in a ship near one of the villages." According to the ancient story, the little sky people approached the village and made efforts to communicate, but the villagers considered them harbingers of evil, killed several of the "Heaven Devils," and chased the others into the hills, but they escaped into "smooth tunnels" which the vil- lagers feared to enter, but which they thereupon sealed with rocks . . .
         
          (probably this next point is fiction as it was presented in the book as "previously Unknown")
          Dr. Chi Pen Lao, was Exploring caves in July 1961 in Hupeh Province west of Yoyang. In the Hohan Mountains at the south shore of Tungf Ting Hu (a large lake) he entered a cave and followed it inward and downward. At 32 meters (105 feet) beneath the surface he encountered a large domed room with glazed walls, from which numerous squared tunnels moved off deeper into the mountains in a confusing, interconnecting network. As in the main chamber, the tunnels had a glazed surface as if they had once been melted.
          Chow described some of the unusual items found by Dr. Lao, but stressed that no spiral disks had been located here. However, an intricately rendered painting on one wall depicted a wide variety of animals all being driven in one direction by men above them riding on what he called "a shield-like flying platform" and clad in very modern-looking trousers and jackets. The men held what appeared to be long pipes to their lips, which they were pointing toward the animals . . .
         
         
          One of these skulls, presently in the Moscow Museum, is that of a large animal called an auroch, which is a type of bison of the Neolithic Age 1,700 to 10,000 years ago. The skull provides an anachronistic enigma, because in the very center of its brow is a neat circular hole of a nature which could have been caused by only one means known to man--a bullet. Scientists heretofore have withheld speculation about what might have caused the hole, which is about the size of a modern .44 caliber bullet.
         
         
          Probably even more startling is a human skull with the same sort of injury, but dated back to approXimately 38,000 years ago. This skull is now in the collection of the British Museum of Natural History in London.
         
         
          The skull, that of an adult male, was originally discovered in a cave near the Zambesi River of Rhodesia The left side of the cranium shows a perfectly round hole 1.15 centimeters in diameter, which is approXimately the same size as that in the skull of the auroch. The right side of the human skull, however, has been shattered.
          "Had the injury been caused by a cold weapon," Heathly said, "such as a spear or arrow or even a round-bladed knife, there would have had to be radial cracks emanating from the circular hole. Further, it is most unlikely that, had it been caused by such a cold weapon, the side of the cranium would have been so thoroughly shattered.
          All the evidence points to a bullet which entered from the left side and then, flattened continued it's course and blew out the right side of the cranium.
         
         
          Quite a number of ancient Greeks and Egyptians, are reputed to have had ambulatory automatons which were powered by something called 'lightning in a jar.' These were allegedly perfectly functioning robots which could talk and walk and do simple household tasks. All of them, unfortunately, were reluctantly destroyed by their owners because of public outcry--a growing fear among those who didn't own one of the handy servants that the gods would object to man's making and using such a creation.
          The device which has come to be known as the Antikythera Computer, was discovered in the ancient wreckage of a ship on the bottom of the Aegean Sea near the Greek island of Antikythera. Found in 1900 by a sponge diver, the device was an odd conglomeration of strange dials and gears, wheels and rods, and spheres of brass and bronze. Although badly corroded, it was possible to reconstruct what it had been, although this had not occurred for many years. The archaeologists who initially studied it were totally baffled as to its purpose. They were able to date the wreckage of the ship to around 55 B.C. but he amphorae--wine and oil vases--found with it were more accurately dated to 65 B.C.

    Note: Here is an article from Scientific American on: The Antikythera Computer"
          There is the strong likelihood, that the mechanical device was very ancient then. At any rate, probably because it presented an embarrassing enigma, the device wound up in a storage room of the National Archaeological Museum of Greece in Athens. There it remained for nearly; sixty years, out of sight and out of mind.
          It wasn't until half a century later that the mechanism came under the close scrutiny of Dr. Derek Price of England, who was then with the American Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. He made a meticulous reconstruction and wound up with a device about the size of a large portable typewriter case, which he positively identified as a compleX and highly sophisticated computer and planetarium. It was designed for and capable of advanced astronomical calculations. Dr. Price wrote of his findings in Scientific American--the June issue of 1959 - and later stated that the device was certainly not the first or last of its kind. He is not a man who makes rash statements and yet he said at the time that finding a thing like this is like finding a jet airplane in the tomb of King Tutankhamen.
         
         
          ... the enigma of electrical batteries having been in use over two thousand years before in the ancient city of Babylon
          ....in 1938 this whole matter came to light through the efforts of the German archeologist Wilhelm Konig. He was a highly respected scientist who discovered in the site of ancient Babylon, not far from present Baghdad, a large number of pottery jars designed to be batteries. Eight years after that his speculations along these lines were proven when a General Electric Company scientist, Willard Gray, studied his find and then duplicated the jars and metal rods and other paraphernalia and wound up with a workable battery."
         
         
          A passage in one of India's oldest known documents, the Agastya Samhita, which is proven to be of great antiquity. This is a literal translation and it should be noted that while it may sound very modern, it is confirmed as ancient. this is exactly how it is written:"
          Place a well cleaned copper plate in an earthenware vessel. cover it, first by copper sulfate and then by moist sawdust. After that put a mercury amalgamates zinc sheet on top of the sawdust to avoid polarization. The contact will produce and energy known by the twin name of mitra-Varuna. Water will be spilt by this current into pranavayu and udanavauy. A chain of one hundred jars is said to give a very active and effective force.'
         
         
          [Here is another passage from an ancient text, but the source was lost in the OCR Translations]
          "Take on the tip of a knife the contents of the pox inflammation and inject it into the arm of a well man, mixing it with his blood. A fever will follow, but the malady will pass very easily and will create no complications. Thereafter, the second man will forever be rendered in- vulnerable to the same disease." When she completed reading it, Pompara revealed that this was a passage outlining an im- munization process against smallpox and that it was written in the ancient Brahmin book of India known as the Sactya Grantham, which was compiled 3,500 years ago. She added that Edward Jenner (1749-1823) is credited with discovery of smallpox vaccination in 1796."
         
         
          Ancient records from Thebes show that the use of penicillin was widespread in Egypt 4,000 years ago. Both the use of penicillin for the treatment of infection and the process of vaccination for smallpox were obviously not newly discovered at the ancient dates noted, but rather they represent medical arts which were dying at the time and which vanished soon thereafter.
         
         
          The use of anesthetics in Peru and Egypt some 4,500 years ago,
         
         
          The successful technique of brain surgery in hundreds of cases in Peru about the same time.
         
          The use in China of an X-ray machine in X 206 B.C., and the use of a machine which may have combined both X ray and fluoroscope in India in 500 B.C. In the latter example, a physician named Jivaka wrote that he made great and good use of the machine in diagnosing the maladies of patients, adding that "placed before a patient, it illuminated his body as a lamp illuminates the objects inside a house; it revealed the nature of maladies." Well, how's that for an eye-opener?"
         
         
          A description of numerous tombs found in Italy, Greece, Syria and Egypt which, when opened after thousands of years of being sealed, contained glowing lights. In most cases the lights were described as "glowing globes on pedestals" which emanated a light without the generation of heat and from no observable power source.
          One such tomb, found along the Via Appia outside Rome, was opened in 1485 and was found to contain not only glowing lights, but the body of a young woman coated with a strange salve. There was no doubt that the tomb had been sealed for at least a thousand years. When the protective salve was removed from the body of the woman, described as being about twenty years old and of very pretty features, the flesh was found to be as firm and whole as if she had passed from life only moments before. The body was placed on display in Rome for a week or two and was seen by many thousands of visitors, but then decomposition set in and it was reburied . . .
         
         
         
          1 The original source map those copied to draw the maps of Re'is, Ptolemy, Mercator, the portolanos and other had to have been drawn before Antarctica was ice-covered and, in some cases, while the continent was still located at the equator.
          2 That whoever drew the original maps had an accurate knowledge of all the continents drawn
          3 That the original source maps were compiled through utilization of a stereographic or gnomonic system of projec- tion involving higher calculus and spherical trigonometry and perhaps other forms of advanced mathematics. That while the projection trigonometry used suggests the work of islands. Dr. Shepard wants to believe that the lost section of the map still exists somewhere and says he'll probably be spending the rest of his life searching for it. And that brings us, finally, to the maps he has found recently and their rela- tionship to what he's involved in deeply right now.
         
         
          Maps drawn by Claudius Ptolemy. Drawn by him, but not originating with him
         
         
          maps known to man, and he can glance at an old map and almost instantly tell you if it's a Ptolemy or Mercator, a Re'is or Zeno, a Finaeus or De Canistns or Ben Zara or whatever.
         
         
          The old maps have told him a great deal. They've underlined their findings of Hapgood and Mallery and others, but they've shown more than that, too.
         
         
          "The Oronteus Pinaeus Map of 1531, for example, not only also shows the Antarctic continent just as the Re'is map of 1513 does, but it has a subtle and important difference. No rivers are shown far in the interior of the continent; they're all pretty much rivers flowing from the coastal ranges, not ice covered, into the sea. This is clear indication that the original map from which the Oronteus Finaeus map was copied was not quite as old as the original from which Re'is copied.
         
         
          Simply because the absence of interior topography in the Oronteuo Finaeus map strongly indicates that it was prepared when the interior of Antarctica had already grown an ice cap, but that the growth had not yet reached the coastal areas. Thus, there's a near certainty that the Re'is map was based on an original map drawn prior to 5495 B.C., while Antarctica was still located in the tropics, while the Oronteus Finaeus map was based on an original drawn probably a hundred years prior to 3995 B.C., after the capsizing of the earth and the initial growth of the new ice cap, but before that ice cap covered the coastlines.
          Then there's the map of another Turk, Hadji Ahmed, that's important. The name and style are similar to Re'is, but the map is dated 967, which is A.D. 1559, and that's five years after Re'is was beheaded. The importance of this one is in the rendering of Alaska and Siberia. There's always been speculation of a land bridge once having existed, connecting Asia and North America. The Ahmed Map shows much more than merely a land bridge. It clearly shows the two continents with a land mass, not a bridge, connecting them, a mass over a thousand miles wide. That map must have been copied from a map originally drawn prior to the last capsizing of the earth
          The Zeno Map also shows Greenland as two islands, and that point of fact was proven by the French in the late 19408 [another pasage to look up]. There's the Ibn Ben Zara Map, also drawn at Alexandria, which is one of the finest and most incredibly accurate in coastal detail, and which may have been the model for all the portolanos which followed, but which was never improved upon.
         
         
          A big and important difference, crops up in the Stone Map of China this one was superbly engraved in stone in AD. 1137, but obviously the original map existed long before that. Its importance lies not in the coastal delineations of China, but in the phenomenal topographical detail of inner China--with all river systems depicted with every bit as much accuracy as we can achieve today using the most advanced geological surveying techniques, including extensive aerial photography.
          There are others, which have equal importance in whole or in part--the 1502 Portuguese map by De Canerio; the Benincasa Chart of 1508; the Reind Chart of 1510, which is also PuhgueJe, and which depicts Australia; the 1484 Venetian Map from Italy. They're all of the same ilk. They show a mapping ability far ahead of the abilities of the people who possessed them and who copied them.
         
         
         
          ...views of the entire Middle East in about the year 235 B.C., giving exact locations of villages and cites whose existence up until now has been either unknown or only vaguely suspected. It shows travel routes, both land and water, which are largely unknown. These are all placements made by Ptolemy through his own knowledge, but it is evident that the basic outline of the map was copied by him from a much older chart.
         
         
          On two margins of the map and partially on the third, Claudius Ptolemy has, in his own hand, written an account of the origin of the map he copied, insofar as he knew its original. He states that the map--the original one salvage on a material he called ulgiz, which was of an almost indestructible nature, but upon which words could not be written or even drawn by anyone Except Qandhi.
          Ptolemy goes on to say that as a reward he doesn't say for what--the Qandhi chart was handed down for many generations by the ancestors of the family of Topthopi, who was a priest of Memphis during the reign of Teti. That places it finally in the Seventh Dynasty which in our calendar, began in 2294 B.C. and lasted until 2132 B.C. Apparently it was ancient at that time. It was Topthopi who took it out of the family heritage and placed it in the library of the Temple of Ptsh. It remained there until just before the destruction of that temple and its library collection in 300 s.c., when it was removed with many other Qandhi charts to the Library of Alexandria"
         
          "That was where Ptolemy saw it. Claudius Ptolemy copied it as the final chart in a series of copies he had made from the Qandhi charts. In his words, he 'brought it forward' to modern use, evidently referring to his addition of the cities, villages, paths, and other markings added by himself. Among many other items spoken of in his marginal writing, Ptolemy said the Qandhi chart material would withstand immersion in water and exposure to sunlight or flying sand, and that it could be rolled but not folded or torn or cut.
         

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